Histria Romania

If you are already planning one weekend getaway (or your next one), consider sparing a couple of hours to visit the oldest settlement in Romania by taking a short detour on the way to the seaside or back.

The ruins of ancient Histria today lie stranded in the desolate inland shore of a vast lagoon barely 50 km north of Constanța. Once an important coastal port, Histria was the first Greek settlement of the western shore of the Black Sea and the earliest documented city in Romania. It enjoyed 1,300 years of growth and prosperity before being abandoned in the 7th century AD. Of particular interest to the visitor are the remains of the ancient fort. Some 70 km southwest of Constanța amidst beautifully terraced hills lies Adamclisi, home to the Tropaeum Traiani , a victory monument built in 109 AD to commemorate the Roman emperor Trajan’s victory over the Dacians.

Histria was a Greek colony near the mouths of the Danube (known as Ister in Ancient Greek), on the western coast of the Black Sea. Established by Milesian settlers in order to facilitate trade with the native Getae, it is considered the oldest urban settlement on Romanian territory. Scymnus of Chios (ca 110 BC) dated its founding to 630 BC, while Eusebius of Caesarea set it during the time of the 33rd Olympic Games (657 – 656 BC). The earliest documented currency on Romanian territory was an 8-gram silver drachma, issued by the city around 480 BC.

The ruins of the citadel, which are located on the shore of the Sinoe lake, can be visited nowadays. At the time when the city was constructed, the current Sinoe lake was a gulf open to the sea. […]